Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Every year, tens of thousands Americans die from the seasonal flu alone. This alarming statistic is what led the United States government to urge the country to vaccinate themselves, as well as their children every November, when the flu season is fast approaching. Though countless Americans do follow the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s plea, many others insist that these vaccines distributed every year (as well as other year-long vaccines) contain an abnormally high amount of thimerosal, (a mercury-based chemical in vaccines designed to prevent the growth of bacteria) which could eventually lead to autism. This generation of fear is what has led many concerned parents to refuse to vaccinate their children, who seem to be the most vulnerable to this disease.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In a CNN article published just last winter, statistics regarding autism gave advocate groups against vaccines something to think about. As Dr. Sanjay Gupta, chief medical correspondent, states in the article, Ã ¢â¬Å"They [researchers] reasoned that if mercury exposure in vaccines was a major cause of autism, the number of affected kids should have dropped after thimerosal was removed.Ã¢â¬ However, after manufacturers halted the major use of thimerosal in vaccines in 1999, the researchersÃ¢â¬â¢ theory did not prove to be correct. In fact, from 2004 to 2007, the rate of autism in California raised from 3 per 1,000 children to 4 per 1,000 children. DoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t this show skeptic Americans anything? If we actually continued to be cynical about the situation and stopped using thimerosal as a preservative, what would make our vaccines safe to use? Hope? Almost one in every 166 children in the United States is said to have autism, many of whose origins are unknown. Now out of this alarming number of diagnosed children, how many can really be caused from vaccines trying to benefit their body? Even if these vaccines did play a part in some of these autistic children, we would have to regene rate almost every vaccine in distribution, cutting short our supply of immunity to diseases. Must we be reminded of life before vaccines? Life such as the smallpox pandemic of the 18th century, which finally slowed when physicist Edward Jenner created the first vaccine? No. We cannot let paranoidShow MoreRelatedThe Controversy Of Childhood Vaccination1173 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesvaccinations have very few side effects, there have been very few lines between autism and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) (Ã¢â¬Å"Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and VaccinesÃ¢â¬ ; Shea, Diekema), and when children come in to contact with diseases they are not vaccinated for it can cause nationwide pandemic (Nelson; Ã¢â¬Å"Should Any Vaccines Be Required for Children?Ã¢â¬ ). There are side effects in everything around us and nothing is one hundred percent safe and vaccinations are no different. There are 30,000
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The teachings of peace in Islam and Christianity are evident in the development of inner peace for the individual. Peace is not just the nonexistence of violence, conflict or war but encompasses a larger concept of factors such as healthy interpersonal or international relationships and social or economic wellbeing. Peace would be best understood as more a continuous goal rather than a fundamental fact. This implies that everlasting peace is united with religion. For both Christianity and Islam, inner peace is found by faithfully devoting oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self to the will of God. These religions donÃ¢â¬â¢t just allow the individual to achieve inner peace, but also enable the individual to live at peace with others. The individual adherent is guided by the expressions of religious beliefs, to achieve/experience inner peace. Achieving peace is a core foundation to the Christian religion. Christians are able to achieve inner peace as a result of the salvation won through the death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ. However for Christians to attain the peace offered by JesusÃ¢â¬â¢ sacrifice, they must devote their lives according to his teachings and become his disciple. JesusÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings are drawn primarily from the New Testament in the Christian bible - the foundational source of teaching for all Christians. One of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s primary messages in the New Testament is the universal topic of peace. Jesus teaches that to achieve inner peace an individual must be at peace with others in theirShow MoreRelatedChristianity And Islam And The Teachings Of Inner Peace2780 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pageslife in the pursuit of peace between people and also between people and God. Jesus and Muhammad had a role in spreading the teaching of peace. To understand how the Muslims and Christians view peace it is imperative to first understand what peace means. Most people would refer to peace as freedom of war, disagreements, conflict and calmness of mind. To understand the roles of Christianity and Islam in the teaching of peace the concepts of inner peace, world and society peace has to be addressed, forRead MoreReligion and Peace - Christianity and Islam894 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe message of peace is a fundamental universal concern which is relevant throughout our world today. Peace is not merely the Ã¢â¬Ëabsence of warÃ¢â¬â¢, but a state of mind in which a sense of tranquillity comes from act ively working towards right relationships with individuals and God. To understand the way in which Muslims and Christians view peace it is imperative to understand the source of the teachings for each religion. The principles teachings of peace for Both Christianity and Islam are primarilyRead MoreWhatÃ ´s is True Peace? Essay1008 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe definition of peace means being free from disturbance. From a biblical perspective, the absence of conflict is only the beginning of peace. True peace includes personal wholeness, righteousness, political justice, and prosperity for all creation. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the way God intended things to be when he created his garden, his paradise. Ã¢â¬Å"Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. I do not give to you as the world gives.Ã¢â¬ (John 14:27) The word Ã¢â¬Å"IslamÃ¢â¬ literally means Ã¢â¬Å"peaceÃ¢â¬ as well as Ã¢â¬Å"submissionRead MoreA Positive Coexistence Among All Tribes Essay1138 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescoexiste nce among all tribes is achievable. The teachings of AllahÃ¢â¬â¢s Prophet and those sidelined in the Quran, should be understood and used effectively allow peace prevail among religions. The Prophet Saheeh Muslim says in a statement that, Ã¢â¬Å"Whoever kills a person who has a truce with the Muslims will never smell the fragrance of Paradise.Ã¢â¬ This is one of the most respected teachings of Muslims. Muslims are very discipline to abide to this teaching. It states the need to advocate for brotherhoodRead MoreComparing Christianity and Islam769 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPeace, a state of tranquility and harmony both within oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self and the world, is more than just an absence of war but rather the creation of a harmonious relationship between the individual, God and their neighbours. Christianity and Islam are both religious traditions that have their sacred texts, the Bible and the Quran and Hadith respectively, as the foundation stones to guiding its adherents to a life of inner-peace. This is achieved through following the principal teachings and taking partRead MorePeace can be described as a state of being between groups where mutual respect has lead to sense of600 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPeace can be described as a state of being between groups where mutual respect has lead to sense of harmony and cooperation, both spiritually and physically. This idea is expressed in both Christianity and Islam, with the sacred texts of each, the New Testament and Quran respectively, depicting its own guide towards inner peace for its adherents. In Christianity the idea of peace is strongly linked with the prominent figure of Jesus Christ as a model for all adherents follow. Alternatively, in IslamRead MoreChristianity And Islam : Sacred Texts Are Vital Sources Of Information On All Aspects Of Peace1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesChristianity and Islam, sacred texts are vital sources of information on all aspects of peace. They demonstrate principal teachings about peace, and teachings on inner peace as well as supporting the ultimate aim of world peace. In the Christian sacred text, the bible, JesusÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬ËGolden RuleÃ¢â¬â¢ is Ã¢â¬Å"do unto others as you would have done unto youÃ¢â¬ ; which in relation to peace infers that one must act peacefully to receive peaceful treatment in return. One of the key teachings regarding peace is to respectRead MorePeace in Both Christianity and Islam Essays702 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe definition of peace means being free from disturbance. From a biblical perspective, the absence of conflict is only the beginning of peace. True peace includes personal wholeness, righteousness, political justice, and prosperity for all creation. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the way God intended things to be when he created his garden, his paradise. Ã¢â¬Å"Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you. I do not give to you as the world gives.Ã¢â¬ (John 14:27) The Islamic perspective is as well about peace and knowledge andRead MorePeace Is Both Complex And Multifaceted1631 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesPeace is both comp lex and multifaceted. A simplistic definition of peace is the absence of violence, conflict, and war; however a broader perspective is required to fully appreciate the intricacies of this subject. It involves a multitude of other factors, such as positive personal relationships, economic and social security, harmony in accepting other s differences, and an underlying presence of justice acting within the world. For both Islam and Christianity, peace is understood as more than merelyRead MoreEssay on The Terrorists Attack on the World Trade Centre in New York1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageswestern concept about Islam and Muslims. Moreover, Islamic concept Ã¢â¬Å"JihadÃ¢â¬ is criticized and it is questioned among Non-Muslims. 9/11 attack not only effects non-Muslims but also the Muslims who have no connections with the terrorist groups. As well as they do not support these terrorism. These Muslims face the hatred of the non-western people. They feel guilty about the Sin, they neither co mmit nor support. After 9/11, The Muslims all over the world called as terrorist and Islam is considered as religion
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Thursday, April 23, 2020
Revamping of Recruitment Center of Tata Motors Essay Ã¢â¬Å"Success is the manifestation of diligence, inspiration, motivation and innovation. Words fail to express my sincerest gratitude to this esteemed organization that has conferred on us the privilege to pragmatically convert my theoretical Knowledge into practically viable experience. My mentor Ms. Jasneet Rakhra played a major role in keeping me motivated and committed towards the project throughout the project tenure. It takes great pleasure in expressing my gratitude to my Guide, who constantly guided me throughout the project and I remain indebted to her for inculcating in me the spirit to think practically and apply my knowledge more fruit fully. I would like to render my sincere thanks to, HR Department, for guiding the project towards completion and for providing me valuable inputs that proved not only necessary but also pivotal towards the completion of my project. I would also like to express my solidarity towards the TATA MOTORS family for providing me with such an opportunity to get an insight into the system of the industry, the first experience of its kind for me, with management, the employees and all my colleagues on the successful completion of my training. It is my privilege to express my deep sense of appreciation to my lecturers, at Hindustan Institute of Management and Computer Studies, Farah (Mathura) for their valuable guidance, inspiration and encouragement to make this project report successful. Table of Contents Executive summary:5 COMPANIEÃ¢â¬â¢S PROFILE:6 Tata MotorÃ¢â¬â¢s vision and mission:9 TATA GROUP SECTOR-WISE OPERATIONS:17 History of Tata Motors:20 TATA MOTORS THE LUCKNOW PLANT24 Evolution24 REVAMPING OF RECRUITMENT CENTER OF TATA MOTORS29 INTERVIEWING PROCESS USED BY TATA MOTORS:-29 BEHAVIORAL BASED INTERVIEWING:32 We will write a custom essay sample on Revamping of Recruitment Center of Tata Motors specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Revamping of Recruitment Center of Tata Motors specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Revamping of Recruitment Center of Tata Motors specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer How to Conduct an Effective Behavioral Interview:33 Behavioral Interview Questions34 QUESTIONING SKILLS: PAMPHLET51 POSTERS ON BEHAVIORAL INTERVIEWING:-59 SUGGESTIONS:69 BIBLOGRAPHY:70 Executive summary: The TATA Group is a multinational conglomerate based in Mumbai, India. The TATA name has been respected in India for 140 years for its adherence to strong values and business ethics. TATA Motors follows competency based interviewing as a recruitment technique. To make it more effective I studied BEHAVIOR BASED INTERVIEWING PROCESS and suggested to club this process with competency based interviewing. To enhance the interview process, I made pamphlet on QUESTIONING SKILLS based on behavioral based interviewing technique, for managers from technical background, as they are not very familiar with details of HR concepts. To create awareness of behavioral based interviewing in the recruitment department and as well as in different departments, I designed some posters depicting the basic concepts of Behavioral Based Interviews. THE TATA GROUP COMPANIEÃ¢â¬â¢S PROFILE: Tata Motors Limited is Indias largest automobile company, with consolidated revenues of Rs. 2,519 crores (USD 20 billion) in 2009-10. It is the leader in commercial vehicles in each segment, and among the top three in passenger vehicles with winning products in the compact, midsize car and utility vehicle segments. The company is the worlds fourth largest truck manufacturer, and the worlds second largest bus manufacturer. The companys 24,000 employees are guided by the vision to be best in the manner in which we operate, best in the products we deliver, and best in our value system and ethics. Established in 1945, Tata Motors presence indeed cuts across the length and breadth of India. Over 5. 9 million Tata vehicles ply on Indian roads, since the first rolled out in 1954. The companys manufacturing base in India is spread across Jamshedpur (Jharkhand), Pune (Maharashtra), Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh), Pantnagar (Uttarakhand) and Dharwad (Karnataka). Following a strategic alliance with Fiat in 2005, it has set up an industrial joint venture with Fiat Group Automobiles at Ranjangaon (Maharashtra) to produce both Fiat and Tata cars and Fiat powertrains. The company is establishing a new plant at Sanand (Gujarat). The companys dealership, sales, services and spare parts network comprises over 3500 touch points; Tata Motors also distributes and markets Fiat branded cars in India. Tata Motors, the first company from Indias engineering sector to be listed in the New York Stock Exchange (September 2004), has also emerged as an international automobile company. Through subsidiaries and associate companies, Tata Motors has operations in the UK, South Korea, Thailand and Spain. Among them is Jaguar Land Rover, a business comprising the two iconic British brands that was acquired in 2008. In 2004, it acquired the Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company, South Koreas second largest truck maker. The rechristened Tata Daewoo Commercial Vehicles Company has launched several new products in the Korean market, while also exporting these products to several international markets. Today two-thirds of heavy commercial vehicle exports out of South Korea are from Tata Daewoo. In 2005, Tata Motors acquired a 21% stake in Hispano Carrocera, a reputed Spanish bus and coach manufacturer, and subsequently the remaining stake in 2009. Hispanos presence is being expanded in other markets. In 2006, Tata Motors formed a joint venture with the Brazil-based Marcopolo, a global leader in body-building for buses and coaches to manufacture fully-built buses and coaches for India and select international markets. In 2006, Tata Motors entered into joint venture with Thonburi Automotive Assembly Plant Company of Thailand to manufacture and market the companys pickup vehicles in Thailand. The new plant of Tata Motors (Thailand) has begun production of the Xenon pickup truck, with the Xenon having been launched in Thailand in 2008. Tata Motors is also expanding its international footprint, established through exports since 1961. The companys commercial and passenger vehicles are already being marketed in several countries in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, South East Asia, South Asia and South America. It has franchisee/joint venture assembly operations in Kenya, Bangladesh, Ukraine, Russia, Senegal and South Africa. The foundation of the companys growth over the last 50 years is a deep understanding of economic stimuli and customer needs, and the ability to translate them into customer-desired offerings through leading edge RD. With over 3,000 engineers and scientists, the companys Engineering Research Centre, established in 1966, has enabled pioneering technologies and products. The company today has RD centres in Pune, Jamshedpur, Lucknow, Dharwad in India, and in South Korea, Spain, and the UK. It was Tata Motors, which developed the first indigenously developed Light Commercial Vehicle, Indias first Sports Utility Vehicle and, in 1998, the Tata Indica, Indias first fully indigenous passenger car. Within two years of launch, Tata Indica became Indias largest selling car in its segment. In 2005, Tata Motors created a new segment by launching the Tata Ace, Indias first indigenously developed mini-truck. In January 2008, Tata Motors unveiled its Peoples Car, the Tata Nano, which India and the world have been looking forward to. The Tata Nano has been subsequently launched, as planned, in India in March 2009. A development, which signifies a first for the global automobile industry, the Nano brings the comfort and safety of a car within the reach of thousands of families. The standard version has been priced at Rs. 100,000 (excluding VAT and transportation cost). Designed with a family in mind, it has a roomy passenger compartment with generous leg space and head room. It can comfortably seat four persons. Its mono-volume design will set a new benchmark among small cars. Its safety performance exceeds regulatory requirements in India. Its tailpipe emission performance too exceeds regulatory requirements. In terms of overall pollutants, it has a lower pollution level than two-wheelers being manufactured in India today. The lean design strategy has helped minimise weight, which helps maximise performance per unit of energy consumed and delivers high fuel efficiency. The high fuel efficiency also ensures that the car has low carbon dioxide emissions, thereby providing the twin benefits of an affordable transportation solution with a low carbon footprint. In May 2009, Tata Motors introduced ushered in a new era in the Indian automobile industry, in keeping with its pioneering tradition, by unveiling its new range of world standard trucks called Prima. In their power, speed, carrying capacity, operating economy and trims, they will introduce new benchmarks in India and match the best in the world in performance at a lower life-cycle cost. Tata Motors is equally focussed on environment-friendly technologies in emissions and alternative fuels. . It has developed electric and hybrid vehicles both for personal and public transportation. It has also been implementing several environment-friendly technologies in manufacturing processes, significantly enhancing resource conservation Through its subsidiaries, the company is engaged in engineering and automotive solutions, construction equipment manufacturing, automotive vehicle components manufacturing and supply chain activities, machine tools and factory automation solutions, high-precision tooling and plastic and electronic components for automotive and computer applications, and automotive retailing and service operations. Tata Motors is committed to improving the quality of life of communities by working on four thrust areas Ã¢â¬â employability, education, health and environment. The activities touch the lives of more than a million citizens. The companys support on education and employability is focused on youth and women. They range from schools to technical education institutes to actual facilitation of income generation. In health, our intervention is in both preventive and curative health care. The goal of environment protection is achieved through tree plantation, conserving water and creating new water bodies and, last but not the least, by introducing appropriate technologies in our vehicles and operations for constantly enhancing environment care. With the foundation of its rich heritage, Tata Motors today is etching a refulgent future. Tata MotorÃ¢â¬â¢s vision and mission: TATA MOTORS MANUFACTURING PLANTS Tata Motors owes its leading position in the Indian automobile industry to its strong focus on indigenisation. This focus has driven the Company to set up world-class manufacturing units with state-of-the-art technology. |JAMSHEDPUR: [pic] |Ã | |Established in 1945, the Jamshedpur unit was the companys first unit and is spread over an area of 822 acres. It consists of 4 major | | |divisions Truck Factory, Engine Factory, Cab Cowl Factories. The divestments in March 2000 hived off the Axle and Engine plants into| | |independent subsidiaries viz. HVAL HVTL, respectively. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |PUNE: | | |[pic] | | | | | |Ã | | | | | |The Pune unit is spread over 2 geographical regions- Pimpri (800 acres) and Chinchwad (130 acres). It was established in 1966 and has a | | |Production Engineering Division, which has one of the most versatile tool making facilities in the Indian sub-continent. It houses a | | |Vehicle manufacturing complex which is one of the most integrated automotive manufacturing centers in the country producing a large | | |variety of individual items and agg regates. It is engaged in the design and manufacture of sophisticated press tools, jigs, fixtures, | | |gauges, metal pattern and special tools, as well as models for the development of new ranges of automobile products. Its capabilities | | |have enabled Tata Motors to introduce new products and improve existing ones without resorting to imports of dies or fixtures. | | |LUCKNOW: | | |Tata Motors Lucknow is one of the youngest production facilities among all the Tata Motors locations and was established in 1992 to meet| | |the demand for Commercial Vehicles in the Indian market. The state of art plant is strongly backed by an Engineering Research Centre and| | |Service set-up to support with latest technology and cater to the complexities of automobile manufacturing. Fully Built Vehicle | | |business, which is one of the fast growing areas of our business, is also established in Lucknow. Our plant, rolls out commercial | | |vehicles and is specialized in the designing and manufacturing of a range of modern buses which includes Low-floor, Ultra Low-floor, CNG| | | RE Buses. The Lucknow facility also specializes in manufacturing HCBS (High capacity Bus System) buses. In light of CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s | | |aggressive growth plans, we are currently in expansion phase and production at Lucknow would grow many-fold in near future. The | | |expansion shall be in the areas of painting, welding, vehicle assembly testing and utility services, driven by latest technology. To | | |achieve these plans we invite people who have good Technical Knowledge, seek Challenging Opportunities and have a Drive for Engineering | | |Excellence to come and partner us in our journey. | | |UTTARAKHAND: | | |Ã | | | | | |The company has set up a plant for its mini-truck Ace and the passenger carrier Magic (based on the Ace platform) at Pantnagar in | | |Uttarakhand. The plant began commercial production in August 2007. This is the companys fourth plant, after Jamshedpur (commercial | | |vehicles), Pune (commercial vehicles and passenger vehicles) and Lucknow (commercial vehicles). The plant is spread over 953 acres, of | | |which 337 acres is occupied by the vendor park. State-of-the-art facilities include weld shops, paint shops, engine and gear box shops | | |and assembly lines. The company has invested over Rs. 1000 crores in the plant. Vendors for the vehicle have made additional investments | | |to set up their plants in the vendor park adjoining the plant. The operation has generated about 7500 direct and indirect jobs in the | | |plant, among vendors and service providers in the area. | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |SANAND: [pic] | | |Ã | | | | | |Tata MotorsÃ¢â¬â¢ plant for the Tata Nano at Sanand, in Ahmedabad district of Gujarat, marks the culmination of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s goal of making | | |the Tata Nano available to hundreds of thousands of families, desirous of the car a safe, affordable and environmental friendly mode of | | |transport. The capacity of the plant, to begin with, will be 250,000 cars per year to be achieved in phases, and with some balancing is | | |expandable up to 350,000 cars per year. Provision for further capacity expansion has also been incorporated in this location. | |Built in a record time of 14 months starting November 2008, the integrated facility comprises Tata MotorsÃ¢â¬â¢ own plant, spread over 725 | | |acres, and an adjacent vendor park, spread over 375 acres, to house key component manufacturers for the Tata Nano. In line with latest | | |world-class manufacturing practices, the Tata Nano plant has been equipped with state-of-the-art equipment. They include sophisticated | | |robotics and high speed production lines. Conscious of the critical need of environment protection, the plant has energy-efficient | | |motors, variable frequency drives, and systems to measure and monitor carbon levels. These are supplemented with extensive tree | | |plantation, sustainable water sourcing through water harvesting and ground water recharging and harnessing solar energy for | | |illumination. | | | | | |DHARWAD TATA MARCOPOLO MOTORS DHARWAD PLANT | | |[pic] | | |The state-of-the-art bus manufacturing facility of Tata Marcopolo Motors Limited at Dharwad (Karnataka) has begun commercial | | |production. Tata Marcopolo Motors Limited is a 51:49 joint venture of Tata Motors and Marcopolo of Brazil. | | | | |The Dharwad plant will cater to IndiaÃ¢â¬â¢s growing need for world class fully built buses for intra-city and inter-city transportation with| | |international standard comfort, quality and safety. | | |The plant will produce a comprehensive range of buses. The range, to be marketed under the Ã¢â¬ËStarbusÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËGlobusÃ¢â¬â¢ brands, includes 16 to| | |54-seater standard buses, 18 and 45-seater luxury buses, luxury coaches and low-floor city buses. | | | | | |The plant , spread over about 123 acres, will have a capacity to produce 30,000 units a year, to be achieved in phases. In 2009-10, the | | |first full year of operation, production can be up to 15,000 units. The joint venture has already invested about Rs. 200 corers. The | | |plant, at full capacity, will generate over 6,500 direct jobs. It will be supported by a vendor park. Marcopolo: | | |Founded in 1949, Marcopolo invests in technology, product improvement and environment. One of the largest manufacturers of bus bodies in| | |the world, it produced about 19,000 units in 2008 with net revenues of US$ 1. 2 billion. Marcopolo is also very active in developing | | |parts and components for buses, and plastic products. Concerned about quality of life for its workers and for the communities where it | | |operates, Marcopolo has grown along with its initiatives for education, citizenship and environmental management. Throughout its history| | |it has created innovating projects, and today it is present in Brazil, Portugal, Argentina, Mexico, Colombia, South Africa, Russia and | | |Egypt. | | | | | | | | |TATA MOTORS BUSINESS AREAS | | |The activities of the nterprises promoted by the Tata group are classified in 11 sectors: | | |Metals and associated Industries | | |Automobiles | | |Energy | | |Engineering | | |Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals | | |Consumer products | | |Services | | |Agro Industries | | |Information Technology and Communication | | |Exports and Overseas Operations | | |Finance | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |TATA GROUP SECTOR-WISE OPERATIONS: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | |[pic] | | | | | | | | [pic] History of Tata Motors: FOUR PILLARS OF TATA MOTORS [pic]Jamshetji N usserwanji Tata (March 3, 1839 May 19, 1904) was an Indian entrepreneur and industrialist , prominent for his pioneering work in Indian industry. He was born to a Parsi family in Navsari , Gujarat, India. He founded what would later become the Tata Group of companies. Jamsetji Tata is regarded as the father of Indian industry Jamshedji Tata was born to Nusserwanji and Jeevanbai Tata on 3 March 1839 in Navsari, a small town in South Gujarat. Nusserwanji Tata was the first businessman in a family Parsi Zoroastrianpriests. He moved to Bombay and started trading In 1869, he acquired a bankrupt oil mill in Chinchpokli, converted it into a cotton mill and renamed the mill to Alexandra Mill. He sold the mill two years later for a healthy profit. Thereafter he set up a cotton mill in Nagpur in 1874. He christened it Empress Mill on 1 January 1877 when Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India. However, the foundations laid by him and hard work by his successors ensured that each of the ideas were eventually established and are respectable entities in their respective fields today: Tata Steel (formerly TISCO Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited) is Asias first and Indias largest and became worlds fifth largest steel company, after it acquired anglo-Dutch Corus group producing 28Ã million tonnes of steel annually. The Indian Institute of Science The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research was founded by Dr. Homi Bhabha. Dr. Homi Bhabha approached J. R. D Tata requesting his support towards the establishing of a scientific institution. The institution was founded in 1945. JRD Tata, Founder of Tata Motors (1938-1993) Ã¢â¬ËNo success in material terms is worthwhile unless it serves the needs and interests of the country and its people by fair and honest means. Ã¢â¬â¢ JRD Tata, a man who has grown into a legend touched the lives of countless people, rich and poor, manager and worker, as he became the embodiment of the principles and philosophy of the House of TataÃ¢â¬â¢s. He led the Tata Group for 55 years. During that period, as a financial daily put it, Ã¢â¬ËThe Tata groupÃ¢â¬â¢s crowning achievement was the making of Tata Engineering Locomotive Company, a giant that has earned a reputation for investing in men as much as in machines, in nurturing and developing creativity instead of simply buying technology from abroad, in making products appropriate for India and yet good enough for the international markets. Ã¢â¬ JRDÃ¢â¬â¢s principles and vision laid the foundation for Tata MotorsÃ¢â¬â¢ growth. His style of management was to It was he who zeroed in on Sumant Moolgaokar, the engineering genius who successfully steered our Company for many years. In 1956, he initiated a programme of closer employee association with management to give workers a stronger voice in the affairs of the Company. He commented on building the lake near the site of the Tata Motors, Pune plant, Ã¢â¬ËWe did not have to create a lake to produce a truck, but we did. His emphasis on values, on ethics, on investing in education, research, science, technology, health care and in improving the quality of life of ordinary people was a forerunner of the more recent concepts of Ã¢â¬Å"corporate social responsibilityÃ¢â¬ . JRD Tata was awarded the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1992Ã¢â¬âone of the rare instances when the award was granted during a personÃ¢â¬â¢s lifetime. And, on his death, the Indian Parliament was adjourned in his memory, an action that spoke much more than any words could have done. Sumant Moolgaokar, Chairman, Tata Motors (1972-1988). Sumant Moolgaokar is often referred to as the architect of Tata Motors. Leading the Company for nearly four decades, he was responsible for building Tata Motors into an organization capable of competing with the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s best in terms of people, processes and technology. A man with a vision, he had the ability to see what Tata Motors would be. He believed that in order to build an industry, you not only had to build a factory, but also the men and the technology. His vision was not limited to the Company but encompassed even the nation and he was often seen as not just building a factory, but building a nation. His long-term strategies were always in tune with the needs of the country. He was able to foresee that for India to become an industrial nation, it would need specially trained minds, while also being in a position to independently make its own machinery, tools and equipment. With this mind, from the very beginning Tata Motors trained its employees in the required skills and technologies. Sumant Moolgaokar was also instrumental in setting up the Engineering Research Centre, the Machine Tool and the Press Tool Division. Ã¢â¬Å"Expect the best, ask for it, pursue it relentlessly and you will get it. Ã¢â¬ , he often said.. This pursuit of excellence in conceptualization and execution form the very foundation of the Ã¢â¬ËTata Motors cultureÃ¢â¬â¢. He also possessed the rare gift of bringing out the best in the people who worked with him and was known for personally looking into the development of people with promise encouraging and motivating them. His love and commitment for nature and the environment was well known. When the Pune plant was being set-up, under Moolgaokar, the first thing that Tata Motors did was plant trees. The barren rocky land was blasted to plant trees. Trees needed water and for that a dam was built that is today a beautiful lake. He continues to live our hearts, guiding the Company in its pursuit of excellence. RatanTata Chairman, Tata Motors Ã¢â¬Å"I had a strong conviction that our engineers, who could put a rocket into space, could produce our own car. Ã¢â¬ It was this very conviction of Ratan Tata that led to the birth of Indica the car that put India on the automobile world map. Developing an indigenous Indian car was a daunting task. One that Tata Motors took head-on, encouraged by the faith and confidence Chairman Ratan Tata had in the CompanyÃ¢â¬â¢s engineering skills. Conceived within a time frame of 31 months from concept to commercialization at a total cost of $ 400 million, the Indica is a small step towards fulfilling Ratan TataÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of Tata Motors as a great car manufacturer. On the Tata Motors board since 1981, Ratan Tata continues the traditions of Jamsetji Tata and JRD Tata, instilling ethics and credibility in the Company. Under his leadership , Tata Motors is charting for itself a global path in the automotive world. The agreement with MG Rover, UK to manufacture and sell Rover branded Indicas in UK and Western Europe is a step in that direction Ratan TataÃ¢â¬â¢s global ambitions for Tata Motors have taken wing with the recent acquisition of Daewoo Commercial vehicle Co. , South Korea and Tata MotorsÃ¢â¬â¢ entry in the South African market. The Daewoo acquisition will give Tata Motors a substantial presence in the Korean market in addition to synergies in manufacturing, marketing and research. According to Ratan Tata, the acquisition is a historic occasion for Tata Motors and the Tata Group as this is the largest acquisition by any Indian company in Korea. He believes that the South Africa could be a possible stepping stone for other countries in Africa. Among the many firsts Tata Motors has achieved under Ratan TataÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership is the listing of the Company on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) the first company in the Indian engineering sector to list its securities on the NYSE. TATA MOTORS THE LUCKNOW PLANT Evolution TATA MOTORS Lucknow is a third manufacturing unit of Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company. This unit covers an area of 600 acres. In this unit the assembly of chassis and spare parts takes place. The idea of Lucknow plant conceived in 1983. First visit to Lucknow to select land by senior executives consisting of Late Mr. B. B Majumdar Mr. J. E. Talaulicar and on 3rdJuly 1983. Final Selection of land was head by the Chairman, Vice chairman, M. D. and Veerbahadur (State Industrial minister) on 31st August 1983. Letter of indent received on 23rd April 1985. First phase of land acquirement for this plant from UPSIDC on lease was held on 8th November 1985. This was around 252 acres. Land survey first phase was started in November 1985. Monkeys of land boundary were started on 12th November 1985. Second phase of land acquirement was held on 11th March 1986, which was around 330 acres. Telco guesthouse started at Lucknow on 30th Jan 1986. Bhoomi poojan was held on 12th March 1986 by Mr. K. C. Jamadaar in the presence of Murkhiyas of Villages. Construction of boundary walls at site office started on 17th March 1986, which was arch type, designed by Telco architects. Telco Project Office started at first floor, Pragati Kendra, Kapoorthala Aliganj on 8th April 1986. Security Dormitory started for this company in July 1986. Hotline between Jamshedpur and Lucknow started on 5th September 1986. Tube-well for water supply at plant site was built in October 1986. In this unit temporary power connection for construction taken out of 30th October 1986. Plantation work began at plant site in October 1986. Company started functioning on 2nd November 1986. Weldmesh fence built in south in January 1987. Approach road to Imillia Village constructed in December 1987 Boundary wall construction completed in March 1988. The boundary wall of this plant is about 7 Km. in length. Painting of wall began in April 1988. Leveling and drainage work completed in May 1988 by Oriental Engineering, Electric Corporation. Weldmesh fence around town ship built in July 1988. Plantation work in township area completed in August 1988. Barbed wire fence (township area) completed in December 1988. Tube well in Township area built in May 1989. Soil Investigation work was started by Mr. Dave in May 1989. Mr. Ratan Tata and Mr. Tallullicar approved initial master plan passed in May 1989. Development work around this plant was started in July 1989. Land survey (Second phase) was held in August 1989. License for the plant issued on 23rd April 1990. Architecture firm approved in October 1990, which was M/s C. P. Kukreja Associate. Phase plan for construction passed in December 1990 and Mr. Ratan Tata approved model-blocks for Training Block, Administrative Block. Floating of tenders for construction work in the end of January 1991, in which 6 companies filled their tenders. Three companies were short-listed for civil construction in May 1991. They are Tarapur Construction, Ballarpur Construction, ECC (L T). Weighbridge installed in September 1991 as Electronic Control and measuring circuit capacity. Civil construction of Lucknow plant started on 15th December 1991 was started by the construction of M. R. S. , Assembly shop and Training center. On 14th January 1992 the recruitment of operators started in Lucknow plant. On 25th June induction of Engineers (first phase) started which also included ITIÃ¢â¬â¢s. Occupancy of administration office of assembly shop in September 1992. First vehicle rolls out from Lucknow plant on 20th October 1992 which was LP 1210 52. Construction of MRS finished on 6th January 1993. First vehicle sold out by Mr. Sarosh Gandhi (Resident Director, Telco) to Mr. Gunjan Gupta of Motors Sales Ltd. On 20th January 1993. First financial year of this plant ends on 31st March 1993 about 853 vehicles assembled. 000 Vehicles sold out from Telco Lucknow on 28th May 1993. 1000 vehicles dispatched on 18th August 1993. 8001 vehicles rolled out in 1994-95 from Lucknow plant. The Manufacturing unit of Telco at Lucknow is the latest manufacturing facility of Telco and is located towards East of Lucknow. Area of the plant is about 600 acres and there is approx 1200 employees working. There is a beautiful lake in Telco Lucknow. Work in Tata Motors Lucknow plant At Tata Motors Lucknow we have following two areas of production: ? Chassis Assembly Block ? Crown wheel Pinion and Heat Treatment Shop In Chassis Assembly Block we have following three assembly areas ? Frame Assembly Chassis Assembly ? Cowl Assembly Models being manufactured at Tata Motors Lucknow MCV: Truck: LPT1613, CMVR, SE1613CMVR [pic] Bus: LP1510TC/CMVR, LPO 1510TC, LPO 1610, 1616(EURO1, EURO2, and PNEU. SUSP) LPORE, LPO CNG [pic] LCV: Truck:- SFC 407 CLB/COWL Bus: SFC407 F/L (2731 WB), CP407, CNG [pic] HCV: Truck: LPT2515EX. [pic] NEW DEVELOPMENTS AT LUCKNOW WORKS:- A new wing of Tata Motors Lucknow plant, the Eastern Complex, became operational from June 2009 which aims to deliver 75000vehicles/annum. The plant comprises of :- 1. Body in white ( Body shop) 1. Paint shop 1. New v ehicles assembly line. REVAMPING OF RECRUITMENT CENTER OF TATA MOTORS INTERVIEWING PROCESS USED BY TATA MOTORS:- One of the process for recruitment followed by Tata Motors is Competency based interviewing. Competency refers to Behaviours that employees have to input into a situation in order to achieve high levels of performance, which focuses on Knowledge, skills, attitudes and motivations, expressed as observable and verifiable behaviors. Focus on behaviors that distinguish between excellent and other performers. Competency based interviewing helps in knowing HOW we need to perform rather than WHAT we need to perform, which allows us to analyze and repeat success. How do competency-based interviews differ from normal interviews? Normal interviews (also called unstructured interviews)Ã are essentially a conversation where the interviewers ask a few questions that are relevant to what they are looking for but without any specific aim in mind other than getting an overall impression of you as an individual. Questions are fairly random and can sometimes be quite open. For example, What can you offer to our company? is meant to gather general information about the candidate, but does not test any specific skill or competency. In an unstructured interview,Ã the candidate is judged on the general impression that he/she leaves and are therefore likely to be more subjective. Competency-based interviews (also called structured or behavioral interviews)Ã are more systematic, with each question targeting a specific skill or competency. Candidates are asked questions relating to their behavior in specific circumstances, which they then need to back up with concrete examples. The interviewers will then dig further into the examples by asking for specific explanations about the candidates behavior or skills. Which skills and competencies do competency-based interviews test? The list of skills and competencies that can be tested varies depending on the post that you are applying for. For example, for a Personal Assistant po
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
5 Business Jobs You Can Do Without a Business Degree There are lots of good reasons to attend business school, but if you havent gotten that far yet (or dont plan to), there are still lots of business jobs that you could get with just a high school diploma. Most of these jobs are entry-level positions (you wont start out as a manager), but they pay a living wage and could provide you with valuable career development resources. For example, you could receive on-the-job training that could help you improve your communication skills or master software programs. You might even acquire special knowledge in a concentrated area like accounting, banking, or insurance. You may also be able to meet important business contacts or mentors that could help you advance your career later on. An entry-level business job can also give you the experience you need to successfully apply to an undergraduate business degree program. Although most programs at the undergraduate level do not require work experience, it could still help to strengthen your application in several ways. To start with, youll have worked with a supervisor who can give you a recommendation letter that highlights your work ethic or achievements. If your entry-level job offers opportunities to take on a leadership role, youll be able to gain valuable leadership experience, something that is always important to admissions committees who are looking for candidates who are potential leaders.Ã In this article, were going to take a look at five different business jobs you can get without a business degree. These jobs require just a high school diploma or the equivalent and could really help you advance your career or education in banking, insurance, accounting, and business fields. Bank Teller Bank tellers work for banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions. Some of the duties they perform include processing cash or check deposits, cashing checks, making change, collecting bank payments (like car or mortgage payments), and exchanging foreign currency. Counting money is a big aspect of this job. Staying organized and keeping accurate records of every financial transaction is also important. A degree is almost never required to become a bank teller. Most tellers can get hired with just a high school diploma. However, on-the-job training is almost always required to learn how to use the banks software. With enough work experience, entry-level tellers can move up to more advanced positions like a head teller. Some bank tellers also go on to become loan officers, loan underwriters, or loan collectors. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that median annual wages for bank tellers exceed $26,000. Bill Collector Nearly every industry employs bill collectors. Bill collectors, also known as account collectors, are responsible for collecting payments on due or overdue bills. They use internet and database information to locate debtors and then contact debtors, typically via phone or mail, to request payment. Bill collectors spend most of their time answering debtor questions about contracts and negotiating payment plans or settlements. They may also be responsible for following up on negotiated resolutions to ensure that the debtor pays as agreed. Most employers are willing to hire bill collectors who have just a high school diploma, but computer skills can increase your chances of getting hired. Bill collectors must follow state and federal laws related to debt collection (such as the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act), so on-the-job training is typically required to ensure compliance. Most bill collectors are employed by professional, scientific, and technical service industries. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that median annual wages for bill collectors exceed $34,000. Administrative Assistant Administrative assistants, also known as secretaries, support the supervisor or staff of a business office by answering phones, taking messages, scheduling appointments, preparing business documents (like memos, reports, or invoices), filing documents, and performing other clerical tasks. In large companies, they sometimes work in a specific department, such as marketing, public relations, human resources, or logistics. Administrative assistants that report directly to an executive are often known as executive assistants. Their duties are usually more complex and may involve creating reports, scheduling staff meetings, preparing presentations, conducting research, or handling sensitive documents.Ã Most administrative assistants do not start out as executive assistants, but instead, move up to this position after acquiring a few years of work experience. The typical administrative assistant position requires just a high school diploma. Having basic computer skills, such as familiarity with software applications (like Microsoft Word or Excel), can increase your chances of securing employment. Many employers provide some type of on-the-job training to help new employees learn administrative procedures or industry-specific terminology. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that median annual wages for administrative assistants exceed $35,000.Ã Insurance Clerk Insurance clerks, also known as insurance claims clerks or insurance policy processing clerks, work for insurance agencies or individual insurance agents. Their primary responsibilities include processing insurance applications or insurance claims. This may involve communicating with insurance clients, either in person and over the phone or in writing via mail or email. Insurance clerks may also be tasked with answering phones, taking messages, answering client questions, responding to client concerns, or recording cancellations. In some offices, insurance clerks may even be responsible for processing insurance payments or keeping financial records. Unlike insurance agents, insurance clerks do not need to be licensed. A high school diploma is typically all that is required to earn a position as an insurance clerk. Good communication skills are helpful in securing employment. Most insurance agencies offer some form of on-the-job training to help familiarize new clerks with insurance industry terms and administrative procedures. With enough experience, an insurance clerk could pass the required exam to earn a state license to sell insurance. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that median annual wages for insurance clerks exceed $37,000. Bookkeeper Bookkeepers use bookkeeping or accounting software to record financial transactions (i.e. money coming in and money going out). They commonly prepare financial statements like balance sheets or income statements. Some bookkeepers have special duties beyond keeping a general ledger. For example, they may be responsible for processing a companys invoices or payroll or preparing and tracking bank deposits.Ã Bookkeepers work with numbers every day, so they must be good with basic math (like adding, subtracting, multiplying, or dividing). Some employers prefer job candidates who have completed finance courses or bookkeeping certificate programs, but many are willing to hire candidates who have just a high school diploma. If on-the-job training is provided, it typically involves learning how to use a specific software program or mastering industry-specific skills like double-entry bookkeeping. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that median annual wages for bookkeepers exceed $37,000.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Origins of the Cornucopia in Greek Mythology Definition: The cornucopia, literally horn of plenty, comes to the Thanksgiving table thanks to Greek mythology. The horn may have originally been that of a goat which the infant Zeus used to drink from. In the story of Zeus childhood, it is told that he was sent away to a cave for safekeeping to prevent his father Cronus from eating him. Sometimes it is said that he was nursed by a goat named Amalthea and sometimes that he was fostered by a nymph of the same name who fed him on goats milk. While an infant, Zeus did what other babies do cry. To cover up the noise and keep Cronus from finding out his wifes plot to protect her son, Amalthea asked the Kuretes or Korybantes to come to the cave in which Zeus was hidden and make lots of noise. There are various versions of the evolution of the cornucopia from a horn sitting on the head of the nurturing goat. One is that the goat tore it off herself to present it to Zeus; another that Zeus tore it off and gave it back to the Amalthea-goat promising her abundance; another, that it came from a river gods head. The cornucopia is most frequently associated with the goddess of the harvest, Demeter, but is also associated with other gods, including the aspect of the Underworld god that is the god of wealth, Pluto, since the horn symbolizes abundance.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
East Asian Community - Essay Example During the ASEAN summit held in Tokyo, Japan, the member nations of the ASEAN made an official proclamation declaring East Asian Community to be a major goal of ASEAN nations including China, Japan, and Korea. And on December 2005, the first East Asian summit will be held in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. The EAC will comprise China, Japan, Korea, ASEAN nations, additionally India, Australia and New Zealand are also invited to join. The agenda for the first East Asian Summit have to establish yet, so far the parties involved have limited themselves to hoping that EAS will create the basis for an East Asian Community based on "common values" and a "common identity." However, they have yet to define exactly what values and identity they have in mind. Such an approach does not give much reason to believe that East Asia is on the brink of some radical new master plan (Berkofsky 2005). But how will the emergence of East Asian Community mean to U.S. interest in the region How will it affect the U.S.-Asian relationship Is this an anti-American movement The Issues and Insights vol. 5 no.9 "The Emerging East Asian Community: Should Washington be concerned" by Ralph Cossa, Simon Ta, and Lee Chung-min discusses key issues relating to the emerging East Asian Community. Ralph Cossa wrote in the first chapter his argument from an American perspective. He believed that it is still too early to measure U.S. attitude towards East Asian Community since it is not yet properly defined. Even governance within the Asian communities has barely evolved. It is not even clear what East Asia is composed of. Cossa also believes that East Asian Community will have a long way to go, considering the Asian track record in APEC, ASEAN plus 3, and ARF. The ASEAN since 1967, historically been reluctant to delve into security maters, even among its own members, much less with it's extended dialogue partners. The U.S. sees ARF as ineffective also, Taiwan has not been permitted to join and China insertion that internal affairs is not to be an agenda despite their obvious regional implication. The Asian avoidance of internal affair issues also placed some important topics off limits. However, APEC provided the U.S. a good venue for promotion of free trade and fight for terr orism, but ARF remains inserted to talk rather than actually helping. U.S. attitude will depend on how EAC will evolve and how it will interact with Washington. The U.S. will welcome a pro-active ASEAN that emphasize on security cooperation and joint approaches to security challenges. Washington is also wary of China to gain control in shaping the agenda, the role which is played by ASEAN today. Another issue is whether EAC will support or supplement advance broader dialogue or will it used as excused for inaction and any effort to diminish U.S. influence in the region. Will EAC reinforce or dilute counter-terrorism and counter-proliferation is another agenda for the Washington. Moreover, U.S. is interested in the EAC criteria for membership, mission, objectives, and priorities. Cossa also assert that it will be difficult for China, Japan and Korea to sit on one table and no one is sure what to do with North Korea.Simon Tay's argument on the other hand, analyzes the matter from an A sian point of view. His main assertion is that the regionalism sentiment in East Asia is neither an Anit-American movement nor a move to